New Tapeworm in in Virginia. We need your help!
Alert: New Tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis) may have spread to Virginia.
We need your help! If you spot a dead coyote or fox please reach out to us to come remove it and we will turn it over for testing at the state lab. This is of course cost free to you. By reporting this to us could help identify/prevent the spread of a very serious tapeworm that can cause harm to humans, pets, and other wildlife.
We accept any specimen: shot, road kill, trapped...etc.
Information to have on hand:
Location (crossroads, mile marker)
Animal type (only foxes (red and gray) or coyotes
Injured and alive or dead.
A tapeworm new to Virginia was recently diagnosed in a dog in Clarke County. This tapeworm is capable of infecting humans and is presumed to have been transmitted from a wild fox or coyote. Since this tapeworm has never been found in Virginia before, investigating the status of this parasite in wild canid populations is critical. To accomplish this objective, we are asking for your assistance in the collection of wild fox and coyote carcasses to test for this new tapeworm.
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that is carried predominately by wild canids, such as foxes and coyotes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most at-risk group of humans for E. multilocularis infection includes trappers, hunters, veterinarians, and individuals that come into frequent contact with wild coyotes and foxes, such as nuisance wildlife control operators. The tapeworm is found primarily in wild canids from eastern Montana to central Ohio, as well as in Alaska and Canada (including Ontario), and it has not yet been diagnosed in wild canids from Virginia or surrounding states. However, the lack of confirmed travel history in this sick dog suggests that the tapeworm may have been transmitted from an animal in Virginia.
Human infection occurs when a person accidentally swallows the eggs of the tapeworm, which are shed in the feces of the infected canid. In order to prevent accidental human transmission of the parasite, it is important to treat all foxes and coyotes as potentially infected and to avoid direct contact.
E. multilocularis is rarely diagnosed in humans but can cause severe illness, even death. Parasite cysts usually develop in the liver. Signs mimicking those of liver cancer and cirrhosis, such as weight loss, abdominal pain, and hepatic failure, can occur. Sometimes, cysts develop in the lungs and can produce chronic cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Cysts are usually slow growing and signs of illness may not be observed for years after initial exposure occurred.
If you would like more information on E. multilocularis, please refer to the following links:
Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/echinococcosis.pdf
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/wildlife/health_program/docs/ParasiteFlyer.pdf
-Megan S. Kirchgessner, DGIF Wildlife Veterinarian
Along with several other insects migrating indoors this time of year, crickets can build up in large numbers. Flying ants, which are often confused with termites, can also swarm in the fall.
Pro Tip: Perimeter spraying, part of our normal preventive service, is especially beneficial at this time.
What Attracts Crickets?
Crickets are attracted to your property for three reasons: Food, shelter and light. They can find food to eat in your lawn, garden and flowerbeds. In your basement or cellar, they will scavenge for more food, including other insects.
Outside, crickets will hide among foliage or under objects such as rocks, paver stones, lumber or garbage cans. They venture inside your home when normal nighttime temperatures drop, usually when autumn is approaching.
Nighttime light is another big attractant for crickets. Scientists aren’t exactly sure why many nocturnal insects are drawn toward light sources, but many cricket species are. This means that outdoor lights or bright lights visible through windows will likely attract them.
Are rodents dangerous?
Yes, rodents are considered to be dangerous to both people and property. Rodents have the potential to cause a lot of structural damage to the homes that they are invading. Rodents need to continuously chew in order to prevent their front incisors from overgrowing, inside of a home rodents chew on and damage pipes, wires, insulation, flooring, and drywall. In addition to causing structural damages, their chewing can lead to fires and moisture issues. Personal items that they can damage with their continuous chewing include books, clothing, shoes, pictures, and furniture. But, unfortunately, rodents do more than just cause damage to property, they carry serious diseases and bacteria that they can transmit to people. Diseases that rodents can spread include Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM), salmonellosis, dysentery, hantavirus, and leptospirosis. Also, their urine and feces can trigger dangerous allergic reactions in some people.
The roof rat is often identified by their slim, long body which allows them to easily climb trees and occupy the attics and upper floors of homes and other buildings. Roof rats are typically brown or black in color with some gray hairs mixed in; their underbelly is lighter in color than the rest of their body. Roof rats have a pointed nose, large ears, and large dark colored eyes.
Spider season is among us!
Non- Dangerous Spiders
•Barn spiders/Orb weavers
They are considered a nuisance that you can find in your homes, especially in your cabinets and basements.
Black Widow are glossy black spiders which have a reddish-orange hour glass shape on its belly, and is approximately ½ inch in length. The black widow is not aggressive, but it can harm you if it feels that you may destroy its nest. They build their nests in woodpiles, in the corners of garages, inside rotting tree stumps or anywhere that there is a small unoccupied or undisturbed hole. If you disturb its nest and it bites you, then you will not feel the pain for several hours. You may experience fever, nausea, a burning feeling in the skin and difficulty in breathing. If you ever think that you have been bitten by a Black Widow spider, you should seek medical attention right away.
Brown Recluse Spiders are tan to dark brown in color and can be easily recognized by the violin shaped found on the top of this dangerous spider. The brown recluse spider can be found in basements, attics and crawl spaces. A brown recluse spider bite can lead to serious health issues. Sometimes this health issues can lead to skin ulceration, tissue deterioration and scarring. Again, if you think that you have been bitten by a brown recluse spider, you should seek medical attention before any damage from the bite spreads to the surrounding tissue.
Call us for a free consultation. Ataraxia pest solutions 1(833) 933 7378.
It is important to realize that no bed bug treatment is 100% effective (except building fumigation), and there is no way to guarantee that bed bugs are completely gone. It is for these reasons that the bed bug situation is particularly challenging for the hospitality industry, where a hotel chain’s reputation can be jeopardized by a single bed bug incident. Having your hotel written up in the newspaper or on TripAdvisor as having a bed bug infestation requires a rapid and public response. You must let the public know that your hotel has a bed bug action plan.
In the year 2000, the hospitality industry did not want to adopt bed bug action plans. Having a bed bug action plan was like admitting your hotel had bed bugs. Now it is two decades later, and if your hotel does not have bed bug action plan, you are at risk of losing your reputation and a lawsuit. The purpose of this publication is to provide you with the information that you could use to develop a bed bug prevention program and action plan for your facilities.
Bed Bug Prevention (Early Detection)
There is no way to stop bed bugs from being brought into a hotel. New guests are arriving every day from all over the world, and bringing their potentially infested luggage with them. Your hotel can be bed bug free one day and infested in multiple rooms the next. So prevention, in the lodging industry, is really early detection. Bed bugs must be detected very quickly after they are brought in, hopefully, before they bite someone.
To facilitate this early bed bug detection, all hotel employees
should receive some bed bug identification training. This includes
the reception staff, maids, facilities personnel, hotel managers,
event planners, maintenance staff, catering staff, bell hops, cooks,
janitors, and absolutely everyone else.
Because your employees are located all over the hotel, and if everybody is
looking for bed bugs there is greater chance that you will discover them quickly. Also keep in mind that guests are not the only people capable of bringing bed bugs into your facility.
Where do you get bed bug identification training? You may already have a contract pest management company that is very familiar with bed bugs, so they can train your employees. If your current company is inexperienced in bed bug management, hire Ataraxia pest solutions immediately. Ask your new bed bug experts to provide your employees with bed bug identification training. The training will cost you, but the expense will be immediately re- covered when your employees find a bed bug before your guests do. Have your pest management company give advanced bed bug inspection trainings to selected members of your hospitality or facilities staff. The pest management company can help your selected bed bug staff to draft a monthly inspection plan for the facility, so that your employees actively scout guest rooms for bed bugs on a regular basis.
Housekeeping personnel who know what bed bugs and their fecal stains look like can then alert your bed bug inspectors immediately if they think they see bed bug evidence in a hotel room. This early detection will help to identify infestations before they get started. The trained bed bug staff members can also serve as handy inspectors if a guest complains about bites or bed bugs in their room.
When a Guest Complains about Bed Bugs
Have policy in place regarding on how reception or housekeeping personnel are to handle bed bug complaints. With all of the bed bug lawsuits focused on hotels over the last decade, relying on your employees to come up with a satisfactory on-the-spot response to a bed bug complaint is simply too risky. Develop a response protocol where another room or compensation is offered along with a specifically worded apology. Have your trained bed bug inspectors check the room immediately. Document the guest’s complaint, your response to the complaint, and your inspection results. If bed bugs are found call your pest management company immediately.
When You Suspect a Guest Room is Infested
Bed bugs have a cryptic lifestyle, which means they like to hide. Because they are so good at hiding, an infestation might go undetected for several weeks or months before you receive your first complaint. After you receive a complaint, and your in-house inspectors either find bed bugs evidence, or they don’t, what do you do?
1. Take the room out of service, but do not move anything in or out of the room until it can be inspected by your contract pest management company.
2. If Ataraxia pest solutions finds no bed bug evidence, evaluate the original complaint. Did the guest bring a bed bug to the front desk, or did they complain about bites? Use the evidence presented by the guest to decide if the room should be treated or not. Record the complaint, the result of the inspection, and your treatment decision. 3. If bed bugs evidence is found by your pest management, a thorough inspection of the room is required to deter- mine where bed bugs are harboring.
4. The headboard is a favorite bed bug harborage so it should be removed from the wall for inspection and treatment. Your maintenance employees may have to remove the headboard if it is large and bolted to the wall.
5. The entire bed area must be inspected, including the interior of the boxsprings.
6. If the bed is going to remain in the
room, the mattress and boxsprings
must be treated (see the fact sheets
regarding chemical and non-chemical treatment methods) and sealed in a high quality mattress encasement.
7. If you cannot afford the expense of encasing both the mattress and the boxsprings, the boxsprings must be placed inside an encasement.
8. If the mattress, boxsprings, or other infested furniture are to be disposed of, the furniture needs to lightly treated with insecticide on the exterior surfaces, and bagged before being transported out of the room. This is so that no bed bugs fall off the furniture infesting the hall or hotel service elevator.
9. After all unwanted furniture is disposed of, the pest management professionals will inspect and treat all of the remaining furniture, telephones, closets, baseboards, carpet tacks, electrical outlets, crack and crevices using a combination of non-chemical methods and insecticides labeled for those locations.
10. All discarded furniture left outside the facility should be slashed, marked, or in some way damaged to keep people from removing it from the trash heap and taking it home.
11. The treated room should be inspected again after 48 hours to determine if there are any surviving bed bugs. If live bed bugs are found, the room should remain empty and be inspected again at 72 hours.
12. The room should also be inspected and treated again after 14 days and 28 days, so that any remaining eggs have had time to hatch.
13. Keep in mind that many bed bug populations are resistant to insecticides used for their control, so a low level infestation that survives a treatment may go undetected during a visual inspection. It is for this reason the pest control companies do not guarantee that the bed bugs are gone even if they no longer find bugs during an inspection.
14. If a single room becomes a reoccurring problem but no bed bugs are found, a scent detection dog may be required to locate the problem.
It is extremely important that no hotel employee ever attempt to treat bed bugs themselves. Making pesticide applications in a hotel when you are not a certified applicator is a lawsuit waiting to happen. Also, attempting to treat bed bugs when you have no experience will interfere with your pest management company’s treatment plan and potentially increase the bed bug problem. Always have bed bug infestations treated by an experienced pest management company. If your current company does not have bed bug experience, have them recommend a sub-con- tractor who does.
Ataraxia Pest Solutions
Virginia Counties We Service:
Maryland Counties We Service:
VDACS Pesticide Business
License # 14353
VDGIF Commercial Nuisance Trappers
Permit # 061162
MDA Pesticide Business