New Tapeworm in in Virginia. We need your help!
Alert: New Tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis) may have spread to Virginia.
We need your help! If you spot a dead coyote or fox please reach out to us to come remove it and we will turn it over for testing at the state lab. This is of course cost free to you. By reporting this to us could help identify/prevent the spread of a very serious tapeworm that can cause harm to humans, pets, and other wildlife.
We accept any specimen: shot, road kill, trapped...etc.
Information to have on hand:
Location (crossroads, mile marker)
Animal type (only foxes (red and gray) or coyotes
Injured and alive or dead.
A tapeworm new to Virginia was recently diagnosed in a dog in Clarke County. This tapeworm is capable of infecting humans and is presumed to have been transmitted from a wild fox or coyote. Since this tapeworm has never been found in Virginia before, investigating the status of this parasite in wild canid populations is critical. To accomplish this objective, we are asking for your assistance in the collection of wild fox and coyote carcasses to test for this new tapeworm.
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that is carried predominately by wild canids, such as foxes and coyotes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most at-risk group of humans for E. multilocularis infection includes trappers, hunters, veterinarians, and individuals that come into frequent contact with wild coyotes and foxes, such as nuisance wildlife control operators. The tapeworm is found primarily in wild canids from eastern Montana to central Ohio, as well as in Alaska and Canada (including Ontario), and it has not yet been diagnosed in wild canids from Virginia or surrounding states. However, the lack of confirmed travel history in this sick dog suggests that the tapeworm may have been transmitted from an animal in Virginia.
Human infection occurs when a person accidentally swallows the eggs of the tapeworm, which are shed in the feces of the infected canid. In order to prevent accidental human transmission of the parasite, it is important to treat all foxes and coyotes as potentially infected and to avoid direct contact.
E. multilocularis is rarely diagnosed in humans but can cause severe illness, even death. Parasite cysts usually develop in the liver. Signs mimicking those of liver cancer and cirrhosis, such as weight loss, abdominal pain, and hepatic failure, can occur. Sometimes, cysts develop in the lungs and can produce chronic cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Cysts are usually slow growing and signs of illness may not be observed for years after initial exposure occurred.
If you would like more information on E. multilocularis, please refer to the following links:
Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine: http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/echinococcosis.pdf
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/wildlife/health_program/docs/ParasiteFlyer.pdf
-Megan S. Kirchgessner, DGIF Wildlife Veterinarian
Along with several other insects migrating indoors this time of year, crickets can build up in large numbers. Flying ants, which are often confused with termites, can also swarm in the fall.
Pro Tip: Perimeter spraying, part of our normal preventive service, is especially beneficial at this time.
What Attracts Crickets?
Crickets are attracted to your property for three reasons: Food, shelter and light. They can find food to eat in your lawn, garden and flowerbeds. In your basement or cellar, they will scavenge for more food, including other insects.
Outside, crickets will hide among foliage or under objects such as rocks, paver stones, lumber or garbage cans. They venture inside your home when normal nighttime temperatures drop, usually when autumn is approaching.
Nighttime light is another big attractant for crickets. Scientists aren’t exactly sure why many nocturnal insects are drawn toward light sources, but many cricket species are. This means that outdoor lights or bright lights visible through windows will likely attract them.
Virginia Counties We Service:
Maryland Counties We Service:
VDACS Pesticide Business
License # 14353
VDGIF Commercial Nuisance Trappers
Permit # 061162
MDA Pesticide Business